Living With Food Allergies

Anaphylaxis: Severe Allergic Reactions

Nearly one in 50 Americans are at risk for anaphylaxis

Some children are allergic to certain foods, medicines, insects and latex. When they come into contact with these things they develop symptoms, such as hives and shortness of breath. This is known as an allergic reaction. Things that cause an allergic reaction are called allergens. Take all allergic symptoms seriously because both mild and severe symptoms can lead to a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis (anna-fih-LACK-sis).

Be Aware of Symptoms of Anaphylaxis

The symptoms of anaphylaxis may occur shortly after having contact with an allergen and can get worse quickly. You can’t predict how your child will react to a certain allergen from one time to the next. Both the types of symptoms and how serious they are can change. So, it’s important for you to be prepared for all allergic reactions, especially anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis must be treated right away because it can cause death.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis usually involve more than one part of the body such as the skin, mouth, eyes, lungs, heart, gut, and brain. Some symptoms include:

  • Skin rashes and itching and hives
  • Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
  • Shortness of breath, trouble breathing, wheezing (whistling sound during breathing)
  • Dizziness and/or fainting
  • Stomach pain, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Feeling like something awful is about to happen

Your child’s doctor will give you a complete list of symptoms.

Be Prepared for Anaphylaxis

Keep an Emergency Plan with You

You, your child, and others who supervise or care for your child need to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis and how to treat it. Your child’s doctor will give you a written step-by-step plan on what to do in an emergency. The plan is called an allergy emergency care plan or anaphylaxis emergency action plan. To be prepared, you, your child, and others who care for your child need to have copies of this plan.

About Epinephrine

Epinephrine is the medicine used to treat anaphylaxis. The emergency action plan tells you when and how to give epinephrine. You cannot rely on antihistamines to treat anaphylaxis.

Know How to Use Epinephrine

Learn how to give your child epinephrine. Epinephrine is safe and comes in an easy-to-use device called an auto-injector. When you press it against your child’s outer thigh, it injects a single dose of medicine. Your child’s health care team will show you how to use it. You, in turn, can teach people who spend time with your child how to use it.

Always have two epinephrine auto-injectors near your child. Do not store epinephrine in your car or other places where it will get too hot or too cold. Discard if the liquid is not clear, and replace it when it expires.

Common Causes of Anaphylaxis

Foods. The most common food allergies are eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish. The most common food allergies in infants and children are eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy and wheat.

Insect stings from bees, wasps, yellow jackets and fire ants.

Latex found in things such as balloons, rubber bands, hospital gloves.

Medicines, especially penicillin, sulfa drugs, insulin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen.

Know How to Treat Anaphylaxis
  1. Follow the steps in your child's emergency care plan to give your child epinephrine right away. This can save your child's life.
  2. After giving epinephrine, always call 911 or a local ambulance service. Tell them that your child is having a serious allergic reaction and may need more epinephrine.
  3. Your child needs to be taken to a hospital by ambulance. Medical staff will watch your child closely for further reactions and treat him or her if needed.

After Anaphylaxis

  • Sometimes, a reaction is followed by a second, more severe, reaction known as a biphasic reaction. This second reaction can occur within 4 to 8 hours of the first reaction or even later. That’s why people should be watched in the emergency room for several hours after anaphylaxis.
  • Make a follow up appointment or an appointment with an allergy specialist to further diagnose and treat the allergy.

Take Steps to Avoid Anaphylaxis

The best way to avoid anaphylaxis is for your child to stay away from allergens. Teach your child about his or her allergy in an age-appropriate way. Teach your child to tell an adult about a reaction, how to avoid allergens and how and when to use an epinephrine auto-injector. Here are some first steps you can take for each type of allergy:

Food. Learn how to read food labels and avoid cross-contact. Read the label every time you buy a product, even if you’ve used it before. Ingredients in any given product may change.

Insect allergies. Wear closed-toe shoes and insect repellent when outdoors. Avoid loose-fitting clothing that can trap an insect between the clothing and the skin.

Medicine allergies. Tell your doctor about medicines your child is allergic to. Know both the generic and brand names of the medicines.

Latex allergies. Tell your doctors, dentists and other health care providers about your child’s latex allergy. Ask them to put a note in your child’s medical chart about your child’s allergy. Also remind them of the allergy before any medical procedure or test.

For all allergies:  Educate family, friends, the school and others who will be with your child about your child’s allergies. They can help your child avoid allergens and assist if anaphylaxis occurs.

Reviewed by medical advisors June 2014.

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" />

Recipes & Diet

Safe Eats ™ Recipes (Allergy-Friendly, Search Free of Your Allergens)

Black Forest Brownie Torte


Rate Black Forest Brownie Torte

4 starsAvg. rating: 4 from 7 votes.
  

 Recipe Information  
Category: Desserts
Recipe Created By: Kathy Przywara

Black Forest Brownie Torte

 

 Ingredients  
1/2 cup cherry pie filling (see below)
1/3 cup cocoa
3/4 cup flour (see below for gluten-free options)
1/2 tsp baking soda
2 tsp baking powder
1/2 tsp salt
1/4 cup margarine (dairy and/or soy-free as needed), shortening or liquid vegetable oil
1/2 cup brown sugar
1/2 cup chocolate chips, divided
1/2 cup applesauce
Topping: (optional)
Additional cherry pie filling (optional)
Whipped cream, non-dairy topping, or Whipped Cream Frosting (optional)


 Directions  
If making your own Cherry Topping or Pie Filling, prepare and set aside to cool. When measuring, try to get mostly cherries and not too much of the syrup part.

Preheat oven to 350 °F.



Prepare an 8" round pan by lightly greasing bottom, fitting with a parchment round and lightly greasing parchment. The parchment is optional, but highly recommended if you want to remove the brownie from the pan to decorate and serve. To cut a parchment round to fit pan, take a piece of parchment larger than the pan. Fold in half, then into quarters. Fold two more times by bringing the folded edges together forming somewhat of a triangle. Hold the tip at the center of the pan and snip or tear across the unfolded edge at the edge of the pan. Open up the piece which should be reasonably round and fit your pan.



In a medium bowl, combine cocoa, flour, baking soda, baking powder and salt. Whisk together well making sure there are no lumps of cocoa.



In a medium saucepan over low heat, melt margarine, butter, shortening or oil. Add brown sugar and stir until melted. Remove from heat. Add 1/4 cup of the chocolate chips and stir until they are melted. Allow to cool for 5 min.



Stir in applesauce until well combined. Add dry ingredients and stir to combine. When almost all the dry goods are incorporated, add remaining chocolate chips and finish stirring to combine. Do not overmix. Add cherries and fold to combine.



Scrape batter into prepared pan making sure to get all that chocolaty goodness out of there. Use a spatula to spread the batter evenly in the pan.



Bake at 350 °F for 18 to 20 minutes or until it tests done. Remove from oven to a cooling rack. If removing from the pan to serve, allow to cool for at least 20 minutes in pan. Run a knife around the edge and invert pan onto a plate or cooling rack. Remove parchment. Invert brownie again to be right side up onto a cooling rack and allow to cool completely.



To serve, this can be simple and casual or dressed to the nines. For a simple presentation, dust with powdered sugar and cut into wedges to serve. Optionally, top each slice with additional cherry pie filling and/or whipped topping.



For a more formal presentation, use whipped topping, whipped cream or http://kidswithfoodallergies.org/recipes/showrecipe.php?id=886 Whipped Cream Frosting to pipe a border of rosettes or a large shell border. Fill center with cherry topping. Dust with powdered sugar mixed with a little cocoa or top with chocolate curls.



An undecorated brownie can be stored at room temperature, but if decorated, keep any unused portion (if there is any!) refrigerated.


 Notes  
KFA Iron Chef Valentine's Battle 2008: Desserts and Candies

Ah dessert...to me a decadent dessert HAS to start with chocolate! My sincere apologies to those who have to avoid chocolate, I feel your pain!

I wanted a dazzling birthday dessert without the hassle of baking, filling and decorating a cake.

I've always loved Black Forest Cake, but to make that from scratch is rather time consuming. So, this is a quick and easy version that starts with a decadent dairy and egg free chocolate brownie marbled with cherry pie filling. It can be served just as is or all decked out with additional cherry pie filling and whipped topping or frosting. Enjoy! ...but don't blame me for the added pounds!


 Substitutions  
You can user butter, margarine, shortening or oil in the recipe depending on your allergy needs. Shortening will produce a drier brownie and I do not recommend Spectrum shortening as this was very dry. If you don't have a soy oil based shortening available, use any light flavored liquid oil. If using shortening, you may find that shortening the baking time by a couple minutes produces a moister product.

Any type of safe chocolate chips or chunks will work, but I recommend mini chips such as the Enjoy Life Foods brand to give the best texture.

To make gluten free, use the following for the "flour":

1/4 cup white rice or sorghum flour
1/4 cup sweet rice flour
1/4 cup "starch" - use all tapioca starch OR a combination of 2 Tbsp potato starch plus 2 Tbsp tapioca starch
1/2 tsp xanthan gum

Whipped Cream Frosting can be used to pipe rosettes and a star border around the torte.

Gluten: Gluten is a protein found in specific grains (wheat, spelt, kamut, barley, rye). Other grains are naturally gluten-free but may have cross-contact with gluten-containing grains. Look for certified gluten-free products if you need to avoid gluten. Find out more about wheat and gluten substitutions.

Corn Substitutions: Corn is a common ingredient in products. Starch, modified food starch, dextrin and maltodextrin can be from corn. Consult with your physician to find out which corn derivatives you need to avoid. Many corn-free options are available in the US. Find out more about corn substitutions.

Butter and Margarine: Butter is a dairy product made from cow’s milk. Margarine typically contains milk or soy, but there are milk-free and soy-free versions available.

Milk and Soy Substitutions: Alternative dairy-free milk beverages and products will work in most recipes. Find out more about milk substitutions and soy substitutions.


 This recipe is free of:
 Milk  Peanut  Egg  Soy  Tree nut
 Gluten  Wheat  Fish  Shellfish  Sesame


 Keep in Mind  
  1. Always read labels! Product ingredients can change without notice. Do not assume a recipe or product is safe for you. Contact manufacturers to confirm safety for your allergy needs.
  2. A check in a box on a recipe means you can make a recipe "free of" that allergen.  You may need to use a substitution or alternative product to make that recipe safe for the allergies you are managing.
  3. If you need assistance with a recipe or ingredient substitution, post on our Food & Cooking support forums. You will receive personal help to alter a recipe to make it allergy-free for your child’s needs.
  4. You are welcome to link to our recipes.  If you would like to publish our recipes elsewhere in print or online, please contact us for permission.

Comments (0)

Add comment